Congregationalists


Congregationalists
конгрегационалисты (приверженцы кальвинизма, главным образом в англоязычных странах первоначально—радикальные пуритане; то же, что индепенденты). Главное отличие от пресвитериан — полная автономность церковных общин).
Adherents of a form of church government in which each congregation or local church acts as an independent, self-governing body. Brought to America on the "Mayflower" in 1620, the doctrine holds that each local Protestant church is free to control its own affairs. In the 17th century Congregationalism was practically a state religion in New England. Congregationalists founded Harvard, Yale, Williams, Amherst and many other colleges. Church membership increased following the Great Awakening (1734-1744) in which Jonathan Edwards was the leading figure. In 1931 the Congregationalists merged with the Christian Church to form the General Council of the Congregational and Christian Churches of the U.S. The combined churches have over 2,000,000 members.

Америка через американизмы. — М.: «Высшая школа». . 1982.

Смотреть что такое "Congregationalists" в других словарях:

  • CONGREGATIONALISTS —    See INDEPENDENTS …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Congregationalists — n. member of a Congregational church (Protestantism),Con·gre ga·tion·al·ist || ‚ kÉ‘Å‹grɪ geɪʃnÉ™lɪst / kÉ’Å‹ …   English contemporary dictionary

  • congregationalism — congregationalist, n., adj. /kong gri gay sheuh nl iz euhm/, n. 1. a form of Protestant church government in which each local religious society is independent and self governing. 2. (cap.) the system of government and doctrine of Congregational… …   Universalium

  • Congregational church — For individual notable churches of this denomination, see Congregational Church (disambiguation). For the form of church organization in which each congregation governs itself, see Congregationalist polity. Congregational churches are Protestant… …   Wikipedia

  • Congregational Christian Churches — The Congregational Christian Churches were a Protestant Christian denomination that operated in the U.S. from 1931 through 1957. On the latter date, most of its churches joined the Evangelical and Reformed Church in a merger to become the United… …   Wikipedia

  • History of religion in the United States — The religious history of the United States begins more than a century before the former British colonies became the United States of America in 1776.Some of the original settlers were men and women of deep religious convictions. The religious… …   Wikipedia

  • Abney Park Cemetery — Abney Park in Stoke Newington, north east London, UK is a historic parkland originally laid out in the early 18th century by Lady Mary Abney and Dr. Isaac Watts, and the neighbouring Hartopp family. In 1840 it became a non denominational garden… …   Wikipedia

  • George Collison — (1772 1847) was an English Congregationalist and educator associated with Hackney Academy or Hackney College, which became part of New College London itself part of the University of London.Early lifeThe Rev. George Collison (1772 1847) was born… …   Wikipedia

  • United Church of Christ —    The united Church of Christ (uCC) is an American denomination founded in 1957 by the merger of the Congregational Christian Churches and the Evangelical and Reformed Church. It embraces perhaps the most diverse set of traditions of any… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith — The 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith was written by Calvinistic Baptists in England to give a formal expression of the Reformed and Protestant Christian faith with an obvious Baptist perspective. This confession, like The Westminster Confession… …   Wikipedia

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